How often should I tune my piano?

Because of the amount of time your piano is in use and because ear training is such an important
aspect of any musical education, your piano may require more tunings annually than other pianos.
Your piano may also be used to make audition tapes for student scholarship competitions where
impeccable intonation is vital for your students to sound their best.

The variations in the relative humidity of a studio or home are generally the most important criteria in
determining how often a piano needs to be tuned. Normal homes may experience fairly drastic changes
from season to season. Your situation is complicated by constant use which tends to deteriorate a tuning
more quickly. A piano functions best under consistent conditions which are neither too wet nor dry,
optimally at a temperature of 68 degrees Fahrenheit and 42 percent relative humidity.

You can reduce the severity of these climatic effects by placing your piano in the room so that it is away
from windows or doors which are opened frequently. Avoid heating and air conditioning vents, fireplaces,
and areas receiving direct sunlight.

 While manufacturers' recommendations on the number of annual tunings vary, they generally agree that a
piano should be tuned at least two to four times each year, for a brand new piano the first 2 years and then
twice a year thereafter or as additional tunings are needed.